# The Essential Guide to Calculating Net Operating Income

Understanding your net operating income as a Rye rental property owner is critical (NOI). This is a key metric used by property owners to evaluate a property’s performance, as well as by banks and other lending institutions. This guide will help explain the process required to compute your NOI. In addition, we will discuss some of the variables that can affect this number.

## What is net operating income (NOI)?

After deducting operating expenses, the annual income from a single-family rental property is its net operating income (NOI). This amount includes rental income as well as other forms of income, such as laundry or parking fees. It excludes mortgage payments and capital expenditures (such as repairs or renovations).

## How to Calculate NOI

The most known method for calculating NOI is to take a property’s total income and subtract its operating expenses. For instance:

Total Income: \$30,000

(subtract) Operating Expenses: \$15,000

(equals) NOI: \$30,000 – \$15,000 = \$15,000

There are several factors to consider when calculating your NOI. To begin, make a list of all sources of income. This would include rental income from renters including fees and charges collected (such as pet fees or parking fees). Second, only include operating costs. This includes expenses such as property taxes, insurance, and repairs. This number does not include mortgage payments or capital expenditures (such as home improvements).

## Factors that can affect your NOI

Your NOI can be influenced by a variety of factors. Some of these are under your control, while others are out of your hands.

• Rental income: The amount of rental income you produce will have a direct impact on your NOI. If you can raise rents or attract higher-paying tenants, your NOI will increase.
• Operating expenses: Your operating costs will fluctuate from year to year. Your NOI will rise if you can keep these costs low.
• Interest rates: Changes in interest rates can affect your NOI if you have a mortgage on your rental property. Your mortgage payments will increase as a result of a rise in interest rates, which will decrease your NOI.
• Vacancy rates: A rise in vacancy rates will reduce rental income and, consequently, NOI.

As you can see, there is a wide range of factors that can influence your NOI. It is essential to monitor these factors and make adjustments as necessary.

## How to use NOI to make effective real estate choices.

Now that you understand how to calculate NOI, you can utilize this information to make informed decisions regarding real estate. You can use the NOI to determine whether a rental property is a good investment if you are considering purchasing one. You can also use it to compare properties to determine which will yield the highest return on investment.

Here are some real-world examples of how NOI can be applied:

You’re thinking about spending \$200,000 on a rental property. The property generates \$20,000 in NOI. Which equates to a return on investment (ROI) of \$20,000/\$200,000, or 10%. You decide to buy the property because it has a good ROI.

You are the owner of a rental property with a \$15,000 net operating income (NOI). You’re thinking about selling the house and using the proceeds to buy another one. You, however, find another property with a \$30,000 NOI. You decide to sell your current property and buy the new one because it will generate a higher return on investment.

You’re hoping about spending \$100,000 on a rental home. The property generates \$15,000 in NOI. You come across another \$100,000 property that is also for sale. However, the NOI for this property is \$25,000. You agree to buy the second property instead of the first because it will generate a higher return on investment.

## What’s the bottom line?

Any Rye property manager will find the NOI metric useful. You can use NOI to make smart real estate decisions and ensure that your rental property is performing as it should be by understanding how to calculate it. However, if calculating values like NOI or ROI isn’t your strong suit, consider having the professionals at Real Property Management Steel City do it for you. Our local office can help you analyze your specific rental market and give accurate data on your investment property’s profitability and competitiveness. Contact us today to learn more.

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